Early fire engines of Britain and America:
1) Seventeenth-century English fire engine.
Text reads: "These Engins, (which are the best) to quinch great Fires; are Made by John Keeling in Black Fryers (after many years Experience) Who also maketh all other sorts of Engins."
2) Eighteenth-century fire engine, possibly American.
This engine would have been filled using a bucket brigade, and the water then hand-pumped out through an attached hose at the top.
3) Nineteenth-century fire engine, used in Niagara Falls, New York.